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where do cross river gorillas live

The predators of the Cross River gorillas include crocodiles and large jungle cats. THE PROBLEM. Adams, J. S., and T. O. McShane. The Congo River Basin has plenty of green, lush jungles which facilitate the survival of the gorillas. Their dark eyes are concealed by fur, which is often either black or brownish gray. A group of gorillas can have a territory of up to 16 square miles (41 square kilometers), according to National Geographic. These gorillas have brownish-grey or black fur. IUCN RED LIST of Threatened Species. Divergence between the Western gorillas (Gorilla gorilla) and Eastern Gorillas (G. beringei) began between 0.9 and 1.6 million years ago. The Cross River gorillas are usually peaceful animals. The Cross-river gorillas go by the scientific name “Gorilla gorilla diehli” and belong to the kingdom Animalia and class Mammalia. Cross River Gorillas usually live in groups of four to seven individuals, although larger groups do exist. Let’s […] Read More, The cross river gorilla is a subspecies of the. Even though this may seem overwhelming to the area, some local farmers have remarked that they are far less destructive to their land than other animals with a smaller stature, including wild pigs. The Cross River Gorilla was classified as a distinct sub-species in the year 2000. Population & distribution The Cross River gorilla is restricted to a small area of highland forest on the border of Cameroon and Nigeria. They have cone-shaped heads, above which, rests a reddish crest. Do several species of Gorillas exist? They belong to the phylum Chordata and order Primates. Folia Primatol 2013;84:18–31 (DOI:10.1159/000345853), McFarland, K. L. 2007. The Cross River Gorilla lives in the mountainous region between Nigeria and Cameroons. Some people have kept the Cross River gorilla as pets, which is a dangerous trade that impacts the ability to conserve the species. Some Gorillas live in the very lowlands while others are in the extreme elevations of the mountains. Endemicmeans this is the only place in the world they can be found. They "found several instances of gorillas throwing sticks and clumps of grass". (5 ft 5 in-5 ft 9 in). The nesting happens in forests after these gorillas build nests with branches and leaves. Eniang, E., December 2001. A study published in 2007 in the American Journal of Primatology announced the discovery of the subspecies fighting back against possible threats from humans. In Afi, gorillas travelled longer distances when consuming large amounts of fruit, while at Kagwene, the gorillas travelled shorter distances when … Version 2013.1. This is unusual. Red finches can form flocks of over 100 birds, The muskrat can stay underwater up to 17 minutes at a time, What are the best dogs for city living? They also belong to the family Hominidae and genus gorilla. Wikipedia, Available here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cross_River_gorilla, New England Primate Conservancy, Available here: https://www.neprimateconservancy.org/cross-river-gorilla.html, Gorillas World, Available here: https://www.gorillas-world.com/cross-river-gorilla/, Cross Gorilla Programme, Available here: https://crossrivergorilla.org/diet/, WWF, Available here: https://www.worldwildlife.org/species/cross-river-gorilla#, Study.com, Available here: https://study.com/academy/lesson/cross-river-gorilla-reproduction-facts.html. Mountain gorillas live in Rwanda, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, on green, volcanic mountains. The Cross River gorillas have a slender yet short build, paired with light-colored hair. Apart from their fragmented families, another trade has become highly lucrative and a major threat to the species – selling this species as pets. Leopards rarely prey on adult male gorillas, but they do it specifically of western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla). Gorilla gorilla diehli. The group leaders who are dominant males often have a silver patch on their backs – which is also why they are called silverbacks. The women were described as being “savage” and “hairy.”. They inhabit mountainous rain forests and bamboo forests at altitudes of 1,500 to 3,50… Gorilla Journal 23. tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests, "Regional Action Plan for the Conservation of the Cross River Gorilla (, "World's rarest gorilla ready for its close-up", 10.1002/(SICI)1096-8644(1998)26+<207::AID-AJPA18>3.0.CO;2-Y. This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 16:05. Due to the critically endangered status and the decreasing number of Cross River gorillas around the world, keeping them in a captive environment allows these gorillas can thrive again. Ecology of Cross River gorillas (, Walsh, P.D., Tutin, C.E.G., Oates, J.F., Bailie, J.E.M., Maisels, F., Stokes, E.J., Gatti, S., Bergl, R.A., Sunderland-Groves, J. There are only 200 to 300 cross river gorillas left in the world. 25 October 2013, Ferris S., 2005 Chapter 7: Western Gorilla (, March 1957; Critchley, 1968; Harcourt et al., 1989; Oates et al., 1990; JLG, unpublished data, Etiendem D.N., Funwi-Gabga N., Tagg N. Hens L. Indah E.K., 2013. Cross river gorillas live near human settlements in the congo basin. Bushmeat Trade and Primate Conservation around Cross River National Park. The Afi study group usually consists of 18 gorillas, which roam in about 30km2, a larger range than is usual for Western Lowland Gorillas. These gorillas have brownish-grey or black fur. Except for subtle differences in skull size (their heads are smaller relative to body size) … This space is called the Cross River basin. The Cross River gorillas are social and live in family groups of 2 to 20 individuals. Number remaining: Fewer than 300. Ln: IUCN 2013. Since these gorillas are critically endangered due to hunting and other human activities like deforestation, there are only about 200 to 300 Cross River gorillas left in the world. These gorillas have long arms and a prominent ridgeline, which offers a striking contrast to the flat face and wide nostrils. If this gorilla species makes it down to the lowlands, they will likely find themselves in an unsatisfactory situation with local farmers that harvest bananas and plantains. "The Cross River Gorillas: A Distinct Subspecies, "Remote Sensing Analysis Reveals Habitat, Dispersal Corridors and Expanded Distribution for the Critically Endangered Cross River, "World's Most Endangered Gorilla Fights Back", "Nigeria Values Safety of Gorillas Over New Superhighway", "Historical sampling reveals dramatic demographic changes in western gorilla populations", "Rare gorillas in Nigeria captured on camera with babies", "Primates in Peril: The World's 25 Most Endangered Primates 2012– 2014", "Traditional Knowledge Systems and the Conservation of Cross River Gorillas: a Case Study of Bechati, Fossimondi, Besali, Cameroon", "New National Park Protects World's Rarest Gorilla", "A GIS Habitat Map for the Kagwene Gorilla Sanctuary, Cameroon", Cross River Gorilla Species Profile from the African Conservation Foundation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cross_River_gorilla&oldid=992687806, IUCN Red List critically endangered species, All Wikipedia articles needing clarification, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from October 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The myth of wild Africa: conservation without illusion. The Cross River Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli) lives in five small pockets of habitat in an area on the border of Nigeria and Cameroon. Still, there is hope that this species will recover from these threats within the next 75 years, as long as continued efforts are made to preserve their habitat. About 100 Cross River gorillas have since been recorded in Nigeria's Cross River State and about 200 in Cameroon in a transborder region of about … This event is believed to have been the result of how close the farms were to the forest homes of the gorillas. The word “gorilla” is rooted in the Ancient Greek word “Γόριλλαι.” The word refers to a “tribe of hairy women,” which is how Hanno the Navigator described the people on the west coast of Africa (which is now known as Sierra Leone). Where they live: Nigeria and Cameroon. Cross River gorillas are herbivores and feed on branches, leaves, nuts, and berries that come from several different plants. Apart from the dominant leader, there are 6-7 females and their children. Applying resource selection functions at multiple scales to prioritize habitat use by the endangered Cross River gorilla. Average adult female weight: 100 kg (220 lb). Cross River Gorilla live in groups. About 100 Cross River gorillas have since been recorded in Nigeria's Cross River State and about 200 in Cameroon in a transborder region of about 12,000 square kilometers (4,633 square miles). The Cross River gorillas are polygamous animals. Apart from that, they are also found in the Takamanda National Park of Cameroon and the Cross River National Park in Nigeria. Appearance. Usually, they avoid “silverback” leaders that are stronger and focus on young individuals or offspring. Cross River gorillas are scattered in at least 11 groups across the lowland montane forests and rainforests of Cameroon and Nigeria, an area of 3,000 square miles, or about twice the size of Rhode Island. These cross river gorillas live in the cross river region which is called the biodiversity hotspot (One of the 34 hotspots in the world according to Conservation International). Characteristics: The rarest species of great ape in the world, Cross River gorillas are similar in appearance to western lowland gorillas, but have a different shaped skull. Paul Matschie, in 1904, named the cross river gorilla a new species, though it has become increasingly rare. Characteristics: The rarest species of great ape in the world, Cross River gorillas are similar in appearance to western lowland gorillas, but have a different shaped skull. The foods found in the diets of the Cross River gorillas mainly consist of leaves, nuts, berries, and liana which is a woody vine. The Criss River gorillas are endangered mainly because they were victims of severe and aggressive hunting in the past few years. In the Cross River region, the forests are tropical and subtropical. The Cross River gorillas are critically endangered. Average adult female height: 140 cm (4 ft 7 in). The gorillas can sometimes be found in lowland forests, but they tend to stay at higher altitudes. Cross River gorillas are a subspecies of the western gorilla whereas mountain gorillas are a subspecies of the eastern gorilla. Their behavior is very similar to other gorillas. The male leader is usually responsible for taking care of the females and children of the group and also often makes the key decisions of the group like the feeding and nesting sites. However, they can often turn aggressive towards humans and can also try to hit them with stones and branches. "The Cross River Gorillas (. Where they live: Nigeria and Cameroon. Cross River gorillas are herbivores and their diets usually comprise branches, leaves, nuts, and berries that they obtain from various plants. Still, the only time in recent history that these beautiful mammals have caused significant damage was in 2006. Indah E.K. Gorilla number: 250-300 . What threats do gorillas face? The Cross river gorilla (scientific name: Gorilla gorilla diehli) is a subspecies of the western gorilla. They may attack humans with branches, stones, and herbs if provoked. The Cross River gorillas sexually mature at 10 years of age and usually have babies every 4 years. The Cross River gorillas are the most endangered great apes in Africa. Gorilla Gorilla. However, they also face a lot of threats – both from other animals as from human beings. Located in the mountains across the borders of Cameroon and Nigeria, the cross-river gorillas is one sub specie of the western gorillas scientifically known as the Gorilla gorilla diehli. "Cross River gorillas: A distinct subspecies, 10.1206/0003-0082(2000)3304<0001:TCRGAD>2.0.CO;2. They tend to have redder or greyer fur than eastern gorillas. The World Wildlife Organization has multiple partners within the Nigerian and Cameroon governments to protect certain areas. Like all the other living beings on the planet, the Cross River gorillas are also an important part of the ecosystem. A. These animals are known to inhibit the most North and West regions. They have also been endangered because of human activities like deforestation. These gorillas live in the mountainous region between Nigeria and Cameroons.The Cross River gorillas are herbivores and usually feed on branches, nuts, leaves, and berries that they hunt for from different plants. During this time, they do not reproduce again and give their full attention to their newly born baby. The group is usually led by a silverback male as the dominant leader. The nesting places are usually on the ground. Good candidates can’t be frequent, loud barkers that drive the neighbors mad. Additionally, they must be comfortable in smaller spaces and able to saunter through crowded city streets on a leash — or in a bag — without freaking out. 7 Dunn. The most endangered gorilla subspecies, only around 300 Cross River gorillas are thought to exist, living in an isolated region along the border between Nigeria and Cameroon. cross river gorilla diet Cross River Gorillas eat more liana and tree bark throughout the year, and less fruit during periods of scarcity, than Western Lowland Gorillas. Amazing Facts About the Cross River Gorilla The Cross River Gorilla is a subspecies of the Western Gorilla. 19(8), 943-955. ... Distribution of the Cross River gorilla (© Angela Meder, with information from Rich Bergl). The lifespan of these gorillas is usually 35 to 50 years. To be more specific, small populations are found in the Mbe Mountains in Cameroon, the Afi Mountains of Nigeria, Cross River National Park in Nigeria and Takamanda National Park in Cameroon. Despite not hosting these animals, many zoos and sanctuaries offer important facts about the Cross River gorilla to encourage patrons to support conservation. These herbivorous gorillas will search as far as they need to go for their nutrients, even outside of their typical foraging area to get what they need. They are usually found on the mountainous borders of Nigeria and Cameroon. They live in the forests of East and Central Africa. Cross River gorillas are forest dwelling creatures. Sawyer, S. (n.d). These gorillas are usually known to be peaceful. The Cross River gorillas are known to be highly efficient in infant care and are known to care for their babies up until they are three to four years of age. The Cross River gorillas are often eaten by crocodiles and large forest cats. So which breeds fit these needs? The habitat of the Cross River gorillas includes the mountainous forest between Nigeria and Cameroons. Right now, the threat of becoming infected with Ebola and of being hunted is enough to make recovery an impossibility in the short-term. The continued fragmentation of Cross River Gorilla habitat across a large, complex area, together with the threat from hunting and the small number of gorillas remaining, has led to its critically endangered status. Others live in the mountain region like in Virunga Mountains. The gestation period usually lasts about nine months – which is also very similar to humans. They are endemic to the Cross River region on the border of Nigeria and Cameroon, in Africa. Two species of gorillas live in central equatorial Africa. To view them in a zoo, there are many reserves and sanctuaries to host them, like the Afi Mountain Wildlife Sanctuary. Do Gorillas live exclusively in the forest? These gorillas usually take care of their babies until they are three or four years of age. Gorillas are divided into two main species – The western and Eastern Gorilla. Many gorillas live in Africa along the forests and swamps. Usually, these gorillas give birth to single babies and pairs are a rare occurrence. University of California Press, Berkeley, California, USA. This restriction is most likely because humans … Poaching, diseases such as Ebola, and habitat destruction threaten the four gorilla subspecies; most gorillas live outside of protected areas. Since gorillas live in tropical climates, their remains quickly disappear, consumed by scavengers and insects. They tend to have redder or greyer fur than eastern gorillas. The Cross River gorillas usually live for 35 to 50 years. Gorilla gorilla diehli. Their heads are cone-shaped, and they have a red-colored crest on their heads. Paul Matschie, in 1904, named the cross river gorilla a new species, though it has become increasingly rare. However, they may sometimes turn aggressive towards humans when threatened. They are usually found at the borders between Nigeria and Cameroon. They also exist in the Afi mountains in Nigeria and the Cameroons’ Mbe mountains. Gorillas have a patchy distribution ranging across central, western, and eastern Africa. The Cross River Gorilla lives in the mountainous region between Nigeria and Cameroons. The Cross River gorillas reach maturity around ten years of age. Cross River gorillas are a subspecies of the western gorilla and live in the forests surrounding the Cross River, hence their name. Human activities like deforestation also pose threats to these gorillas. The female gorillas, after giving birth, breastfeed their babies and take care of them up until they are about three to four years of age. Are Cross River gorillas carnivores, herbivores, or omnivores? The Limbe Wildlife Center in Cameroon has been the only zoo to have one of these gorillas on display since 2007. Some hunters will kill the parent of the baby gorilla to take them to sell, as they are easy to handle at a small size. There are populations in the Afi Mountains in Nigeria, the Mbe Mountains in Cameroon, in the Takamanda National Park in Cameroon, and in the Cross River National Park in Nigeria. They usually give birth only once in four years or so because the level of infant care is very high in these Cross River gorillas. Most of these gorillas are found at a height of 1500 meters to 3500 meters in the mountainous rain forests and bamboo forests. The Cross River gorilla is usually found in montane rainforest between 1,500 and 3,500 meters and in bamboo forest from about 2,500 to 3,000 meters. They thrive in tropical and subtropical forests that run across the equatorial belt. This habitat of theirs is called the Cross River basin. This subspecies is the world’s strangest gorilla; rarely seen and with a small population. The cross river gorillas are most affected by poaching and there are currently … Most of their day is spent eating. However, the resting places change in the rainy season when they shift their nests to the top of trees. The Cross River Gorilla needs much more study before we can fully understand it. Where do Gorillas live? They mostly live in highland forests. Lowland gorillas live in the forests of central and western Africa in Equatorial Guinea, Angola, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Congo, Gabon and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. 2008. The Cross River Gorilla is one of the 25 most endangered primates worldwide. These gorillas are very social and usually live in groups of 2 to 20. The majority of these gorillas are in Nigeria and Cameroon, spread out amongst no less than 11 families. The Cross River gorilla is threatened by humans as they were hunted extensively in the past – which is also why their numbers are pretty low. The groups are led by a dominant male. There are only about 300 Cross River gorillas left in the world, making them the rarest subspecies of gorilla, or indeed any great ape. Known as the world’s strangest gorillas, the Cross River gorillas are small in population and are rarely ever seen. Due to aggressive hunting activities, there are only about 200-300 Cross River gorillas left in the world. They inhabit an area that is about 300 square miles. However, sources suggest that they also indulge in recreational activities like grooming. Number remaining: Fewer than 300. Their gestation period usually lasts 9 months. It is, therefore, the subspecies that inhabits the most north and west regions of all. Seven Cross River gorillas including infants were pictured at the Mbe Mountains Community Forest in Cross River by the Wildlife Conservation Society in May and June.. Only 300 Cross River gorillas are known to live in the wild, making them the most endangered sub-species. Efforts are therefore being made to make them live in designated places so that they could thrive in protected environments since the Cross River gorilla is decreasing still. The Gorillas of the Cross River are the most western and northern forms of the guerrillas and are confined to the forests and mountains of the Cameroon-Nigeria border area along the banks of the Cross River. However, the face, hands, and feet have no fur at all. (6) Gorillas spend most of their time on the ground, usually walking on all fours, on the knuckles of their hands, although they can walk just on the two hind legs. The face usually has no fur, just like the hands, and feet. What are the predators of the Cross River gorillas? The dominant male of the group usually mates with all the sexually mature females of his group. It lives in a region between Nigeria and Cameroon, just at the Cross River basin. Cross River gorillas are the most endangered great ape in Africa. Are mountain Gorillas something special? Cross River gorillas are hard to find in the wild, in part because their population is so small. The range of the eastern and western gorillas is separated by the Congo River. When encountered by humans, gorillas usually flee and rarely charge. Cross River gorillas have an extremely limited geographic range. The Cross River gorillas are the most endangered great apes in Africa. Cross River gorillas are found in the mountains, highlands and forests along the border between Cameroon and Nigeria. Gorillas move every single day for food and water and to look for a place to sleep that night- anew next is built every evening. The Cross river gorilla (scientific name: Gorilla gorilla diehli) is a subspecies of the western gorilla. Cross River Gorilla. Cross river Gorillas are very closely related to all gorilla species, and to chimpanzees, and they share over 98% of their DNA with humans. A group usually consists of the dominant male, six to seven females, and their children. WWF works to designate new gorilla sanctuaries, such as in Congo. The only way that Cross River gorillas seek out food in other areas is due to the lack of nutrition in proximity to their home. Gorillas can also live in other types of habitats including dense old-growth forests, moun… Why is the Cross River gorilla endangered? Average adult male height: 165–175 cm. The U.S. is helping to save an elusive and endangered species of gorilla in West Africa. The gorilla, who was named Nyango, passed away on October 10th, 2016 as the result of illness, and there are no other reports of zoos that currently hold these mammals. Average adult male weight: 140–200 kg (310 lb-440 lb). As the population dwindles, some organizations are working to protect the forests that they live in, preventing them from venturing out into local areas and losing food sources. 1996. Published in 2007 in the Congo River severe and aggressive hunting activities, there are about... Wildlife Organization has multiple partners within the Nigerian and Cameroon give birth to single babies pairs... ( 310 lb-440 lb ) only zoo to have redder or greyer fur than eastern gorillas their –... Their backs – which is also why they are usually found on the planet the! By humans, gorillas usually live for 35 to 50 years nests with branches and leaves are endemic the. Threats to these gorillas usually live in the world < 0001: TCRGAD > 2.0.CO ;.. The lifespan of these gorillas build nests with branches, stones, and T. McShane. Can often turn aggressive towards humans when threatened ( 4 ft 7 in ) ( DOI:10.1159/000345853 ) McFarland., and berries that they obtain from various plants subspecies, 10.1206/0003-0082 ( 2000 ) 3304 < 0001 TCRGAD!, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the subspecies that inhabits the most and... Reddish crest they shift their nests to the family Hominidae and genus gorilla diseases such Ebola... On young individuals or offspring impacts the ability to conserve the species habitats... In Virunga mountains branches, leaves, nuts, and they have cone-shaped heads, above which rests. Adams, J. S., and feet have no fur, just at the Cross River gorillas are often by. Subspecies ; most gorillas live in other types of habitats including dense old-growth forests, moun… What threats do face! Others live in groups of 2 to 20 lowland forests, but they tend to redder! Family Hominidae and genus gorilla smaller relative to body size ) … gorilla gorilla diehli ) is subspecies! 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